Chapter 2: History of Hypnosis



Paracelsus (1493-1541) one of first to use magnets to heal the sick.
William Maxwell (writing in 1679) magnetic healing, vital-universal spirit, also imagination andsuggestion influenced healing.
Hell (1720-1792) Jesuit Priest Healed Sick with Metal Plates
Fronz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) “universal fluid” within the body, “universal fluid” in body, which emanated from the stars and the planets called animal magnetism, magnetism, banquet, debunked as Mesmerism, died in poverty in Switzerland.


Marquis de Puysegur (1781-1825) discovered hypnotic amnesia
Petetin discovered catalepsy
Barbarin known for magnetic spiritual healing
Joseph Deleuze (1753-1835) discovered post hypnotic suggestion
Faria (1755-1819)Portuguese priest- the subject must be willing
Recamier, in 1821, first recorded use ofhypnoanesthesia
Wheeler 1829-first reported use of hypnoanesthesia in the U.S.
John Elliotson (1791-1868) popularized hypnoanesthesia
James Esdaile (1808-1859) The Esdaile Method for Hypnoanesthesia
James Braid(1795-1860) is known as the “Father of Hypnosis.” Coined hypnosis after Greek wordHypnos=Sleep. Used eye fixation
Charcot (1825-1893) & Burcq instituted the Salpetrier school of Hypnosis-hypnosis is pathological
Liebeault suggestive-therapeutic hypnosis. &
Burnheim developed the Nancy School of Hypnosis-psychological phenomenon
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) created psychoanalysis, psychic determinism, repetition compulsion;abandoned hypnosis-not consistent with fixation
Pierre (1859-1947) Theory of Dissociation;American Medical Association (1958) endorses the use of hypnosis as valid therapeutic tool.
Edgar Cayce metaphysical self hypnosis, life readings, prophecy

Carl Jung collective unconscious, archetypes,

Milton Erickson (deceased 1980) hypnosis is a naturally occurring psychophysical phenomenon;discovered waking hypnosis, metaphor construction, indirect suggestion, rapport, reframing.
John Grinder& Richard Bandler (1970-Present) Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)

NLP Tony Robbins


Transpersonal Hypnotherapy (late 20th Century-Present) hypnosis is the bridge between the crossing of mind, body, and spirit; a human being is of spiritual origin


Then the collective consciousness started to change.

Authoritarian vs. Permissive — Therapist led vs Client led People want more than clinical (self managed health care)


Transpersonal Hypnotherapy (late 20th century-present) Dr. Chips “Hypnosis is the bridge between the crossing of the body, mind, and spirit; based on the humans operate on all three levels- each affecting the other.”